Edible Oils and Fats: Are The Raw Materials Used To Make Oils.

Author : sharvari cmi | Published On : 25 Nov 2021

Esters of carboxylic acids and glycerols make up edible oils and fats. Fats are partly solid at normal temperature, whereas oils are liquid at ambient temperature. In cooking, oils and fats are utilised to enhance flavour and texture. The rising demand for fried and processed foods, the expanding number of restaurants and fast food places, urbanisation, and population growth are all factors driving up demand for edible oils and fats.


For thousands of years, fats and oils have been extracted from oil-bearing seeds, nuts, beans, fruits, and animal tissues. In both culinary and nonfood uses, these basic materials play an important role in US and global economies. Edible fats and oils are the raw materials used to make oils, shortenings, margarines, and other speciality or customised products that are used as functional ingredients in meals produced by food processors, restaurants, and at home. Soaps, detergents, paints, varnish, animal feeds, resins, plastics, lubricants, fatty acids, and other inedible products are the most common nonfood applications for fats and oils. Surprisingly, many of the raw materials for industrial applications are by-products of fats and oils processing for food items; yet, due to their unique compositions, certain oils are created solely for technical reasons.


Oils, fats, and foods with a high oil or fat content are prone to oxidation, which causes them to deteriorate. The fatty acid chains of triglyceride molecules are attacked by air oxygen in this chemical process. Oil and fat professionals face a difficult task in protecting and improving the oil's stability. The easiest approach to do this is to ensure that no oxygen comes into touch with the product at any point throughout the manufacturing process. For instance, we may assist you in accomplishing this by substituting harsh physical/chemical preservation techniques with a mild nitrogen inerting solution (N2).


Edible oils are the principal source of unsaturated fats and vitamin E in human diets and are widely employed in industrial food manufacture and home cooking across the world. However, oils, like other food items, have the potential to contain potentially hazardous pollutants. Economically motivated adulteration (EMA), or the deliberate insertion of a lower-grade, less-expensive oil for financial advantage, is one way for pollutants to enter the system. This form of replacement can result in a large rise in income for a food producer. Consumer effect can go beyond simply economics, as there have been instances when this fraudulent behaviour has resulted in major public health implications.

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