Define Robbery | Definition of Robbery in legal terms

Author : nick jackson | Published On : 23 Apr 2021

Robbery is a serious crime. We define robbery as theft with violence and fear. The article is about speeding tickets moving violations during the robbery.

Moving Violation and Robbery

Robbery is a serious crime according to the common law. The laws define robbery as a type of theft in which the robber takes away any individual’s possession using violence and fear. Robbery can be harmful to the owner of the property as well as to the others. One of the examples is a speeding ticket moving violation during the incident of robbery.

We will be discussing this, but first, let’s know about the robbery and moving violation.

How do we define robbery?

Robbery is grabbing someone’s possessions and belongings with the motive of permanently depriving the original owner of the property through violence or fear. It is larceny or theft carried out through harassment.

In common law, a crime gets identified as robbery if it involves the following elements.

An intruder

An intruder takes possession of another person's property with the motive of depriving the original owner of the property permanently.

Snatching

In common law, snatching means taking control of the property involved in the robbery.

Taking away

The robber moves the property from its actual position. Even the slightest movement gets considered as taking away. 

Personal property 

The property should be any tangible and movable items. According to US law, A  thief cannot perform robbery against land or anything related to the ground, i.e., an immovable item.

However, illegally taking possession of any land doesn’t come under robbery. It is termed as adverse possession where a person occupies another person's land with the motive to use it as its own.

Of someone else 

A person having possession of the property should not be you. Thus, a person cannot rob any animal without any owner. Also, the co-owner of the property cannot get termed as a robber. Any person other than the guilty must have its possession.

Motive of stealing

The person must have the motive of stealing and depriving the owner of the property permanently.

In the presence of the victim

Criminals should snatch the belongings from the person of the target or their sight. The property should be either attached to the person’s body or should be at such distance of immediate control.

Using force or fear

The act of snatching needs to display a force. When the victim tries to defend, a force must be applied to take away the property, giving rise to fear using intimidation and threat. 

Is a speeding ticket a moving violation?

A moving violation happens when a vehicle is moving and violates traffic rules. Exceeding the speed limit, passing a stop sign or red light, and driving under the intoxicated are all instances of moving violations. 

For a moving violation of speed, it gets penalized by a speeding ticket issued by police for exceeding the speed limit.

Instances in which robbery leads to moving violations.

Highway Robbery 

Law dictionaries define Highway Robbery, as a robbery that occurs on or around any highway, usually against the public on the highway. 

Carjacking is an example of highway robbery. It is a violation of traffic rules as well as causes harm to the general public. 

Sometimes the highway robberies are done by terrorists to create nuisance among the public. They rob the travelers and try to harm them while driving recklessly, causing harm to life and property intentionally. 

The punishment for them is a speeding ticket moving violation and the separate charges for highway robbery and causing harm to the public.

Speeding to escape from police after robbing any premise 

It is a common scenario where the robbers tend to speed up their vehicles. It is to escape from the police after robbing any house or any premises. It is also known as speed chase.

Punishment:

Punishment for all types of robberies is imprisonment for at least a year regardless of what you stole. In case of serious crimes like carjacking, the punishment is 10 to 20 years of imprisonment is common in many states.

Conclusion 

Robbery is a serious crime. The basic meaning of robbery is that it is a type of theft where force and fear are involved. Many times robbers exceed their speed to escape from the p, which leads toon of speed chasing. Speed chasing causes problems for the general public and can cause serious harm to them. The penalty for a moving violation is a speeding ticket and for robbery, it differs based on the seriousness of the crime.