When Someone Close to you has Chronic Hepatitis B
Author : gandhi medicos | Published On : 19 Jan 2022
- What is hepatitis B?
Hepatitis B is a very serious contagious liver disease. Hepatitis B is categorized as chronic and acute. A person getting acute hepatitis B recovers from this disease within the first 6 months. When a person recovers from acute hepatitis B, they are immunized to this contagious disease and don’t get this disease again in their lifetime. But when this acute hepatitis continues year after year, it’s called chronic hepatitis. In chronic hepatitis, the virus is in the person’s body, even sometimes without their knowledge. In this kind of situation, the person continues to spread this disease amongst another healthy individual
- When does acute hepatitis B develop into a chronic disease rather than an infection?
Age plays a big role in the conversion of acute hepatitis to chronic. If someone gets infected with hepatitis B during their infancy, they are most likely to develop into a chronic infection. Most adults who get infected with hepatitis B recover and eventually become immune to the disease.
- What are the consequences of getting chronic hepatitis B?
600000 people worldwide die from getting severe hepatitis b and its aftermath. People with infection hepatitis B suffer from various liver-related diseases like liver cirrhosis, liver failure, and liver cancer. Approximately 15 -25% of people getting infected with this infection develop this severe liver-related diseases.
- How does this infection spread?
Hepatitis B is transferred through bodily fluids like blood, serum, semen, and other fluids. The hepatitis b virus is highly infectious and gets into someone’s body by breaking and tears of skin and mucus membrane (saliva, nose, mouth, eye water, and soft tissues). This can enter someone’s body.
- Sexual partnership and interaction with an infected person.
- Blood transfusion from an infected person or using an infected person's syringe. even a tiny amount of fluid is enough to infect a healthy person.
- Personal items can be a major factor in hepatitis B infection. Razors, syringes, toothbrushes, blood glucose monitors can infect a healthy person.
- Contact with open pores or skin lesions of an infected person might infect a healthy person.
- A baby born to an infected mother might inherit hepatitis B.
Hepatitis B is present in saliva, but it is believed not to get transferred through kissing, sharing utensils, or hugging.
- What are the symptoms of hepatitis B?
People infected with hepatitis B might not experience any symptoms at times. The symptoms first surface only after three months of viral exposure. If symptoms do occur, they appear in the form of advanced liver disease. A person having a chronic infection might take up to 30 years to show the first signs of infection. The damaging of the liver takes place in utter silence.
Although symptoms like fatigue, jaundice, abdominal pain, fever are specified for hepatitis B, a blood test is the only way to detect if someone has hepatitis B.
- What to do if someone close to you has chronic hepatitis B?
Blood testing is the only way for early detection of the infection. People with hepatitis B might reach out to a doctor as soon as possible. Vaccination for hepatitis B can protect us from this contagious disease. If someone close to you has this infection, avoiding using personal items and taking care of hygiene might help greatly. Various medications like Tafsure can help keep the infection in check. Tafsure 25 mg (Tenofovir alafenamide) is used for the treatment for HIV and hepatitis B. It stops the multiplication of viruses in a human cell within the body, resulting in infection clearance and less spread.