About Hayreddin Barbarossa:

Hayreddin Barbarossa (Arabic:, romanized: Khayr al-Din Barbarus, original name Khir; Turkish: Barbaros Hayrettin Pa?a) was an Ottoman corsair and subsequently admiral of the Ottoman Navy (c. 1466/1478 – 4 July 1546). [1] During the mid-16th century, Barbarossa’s naval conquests ensured Ottoman control over the Mediterranean.

Khizr began his nautical career as a corsair under his elder brother Oruç Reis, who was born on the Greek island of Lesbos. The brothers seized Algiers from Spain in 1516, and Oruç declared himself Sultan. Khizr got his brother’s moniker “Barbarossa” after Oruç’s death in 1518. (“Redbeard” in Italian).

Hayreddin was given to him as an honorary name (from Arabic Khayr ad-Din, “goodness of the faith” or “best of the faith”). Barbarossa reclaimed the Peón of Algiers from the Spaniards in 1529.

Suleiman the Magnificent appointed Barbarossa as Kapudan Pasha (Grand Admiral) of the Ottoman Navy in 1533. In the same year, he led an embassy to France, captured Tunis in 1534, defeated the Holy League at Preveza in 1538, and participated in combined battles with the French in the 1540s. In 1545, Barbarossa retired to Constantinople.

Background

              Khizr was born at Palaiokipos on the island of Midilli (Lesbos) somewhere between 1466[2] and 1478[3], the son of an Ottoman sipahi father, Yakup Aa,[4] of Turkish[5][6][7][8][9] or Albanian[10][11][2] ancestry from Giannitsa (today Greece), and an Orthodox Christian Greek mother, Katerina (also Lesbos). [5][12] His mother was an Orthodox priest’s widow. [4][11][13] Ishak, Oruç, Khizr, and Ilyas were the couple’s two daughters and four sons. Yakup participated in the Ottoman conquest of Lesbos in 1462 from the Genoese Gattilusio family (who held the hereditary title of Lord of Lesbos between 1355 and 1462) and was rewarded with the fief of Bonova on the island of Lesbos.