Sustainable development Laws in India

Author : Huma Faheem | Published On : 14 Sep 2023

India has been working towards sustainable development for several years. The country has implemented a number of laws and policies to promote sustainable development and address environmental concerns. These laws are aimed at achieving economic growth while also protecting the environment and ensuring social well-being. One of the most significant laws in India's sustainable development efforts is the National Green Tribunal Act. This law was enacted in 2010 to provide for the establishment of a specialized tribunal to handle environmental disputes and enforce environmental laws. The tribunal has the power to hear cases related to the conservation of forests and wildlife, prevention and control of pollution, and protection of water resources, among other things. In addition to the National Green Tribunal Act, India has also implemented other laws and policies to promote sustainable development. These include the Forest Conservation Act, the Wildlife Protection Act, and the Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act. These laws are aimed at protecting India's natural resources and ensuring their sustainable use for future generations. History of Sustainable Development Laws in India India has a long history of environmental degradation and exploitation of natural resources. The country has experienced severe environmental problems, including air and water pollution, deforestation, and soil erosion. In response to these challenges, India has enacted several laws and policies to promote sustainable development. The Indian Constitution, which was adopted in 1950, includes provisions related to the environment and sustainable development. Article 48A of the Constitution directs the State to protect and improve the environment and to safeguard the forests and wildlife of the country. Article 51A(g) imposes a fundamental duty on every citizen to protect and improve the natural environment.