Right To Education: Future Of Children

Author : Getlegal India | Published On : 25 Nov 2021

RTE full form is Right to Education The right to education recognised as a human right is understood to establish a free primary education for all children. It is an obligation to provide all children with secondary education and access to higher education. The right to an education is not only a fundamental right but also a human right. The right to education seeks to eliminate discrimination at all levels of the educational system, establish minimum standards, and improve educational quality. As a human right, the right to education is the most fundamental. Education promotes a man as an individual, and it demonstrates a way of life, changes one’s thinking, and makes one wise. A BRIEF

A BRIEF ON THE RIGHT TO EDUCATION

The Parliament of India implemented the Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education (RTE) on August 4, 2009. RTE act illustrates the modalities of the importance of free and compulsory education for children aged 6 to 14 in India under Article 21a of the Indian Constitution according to the 86th amendment to India’s Constitution.

On April 1, 2010, India became one of 135 countries to make education a fundamental right for all children when the Act went into effect.

The Act establishes education as a fundamental right for all children between 6 and 14 and establishes minimum standards for elementary schools. It requires all private schools to set aside 25% of their seats for children.

EVOLUTION OF RIGHT TO EDUCATION IN INDIA

The rationale behind compulsory and free education

The process of learning and gaining knowledge at school commonly gets referred to as education. It’s the fundamental human right, emphasised at the United Nations through various international covenants and treaties.

Education also gets viewed as a mechanism of social revolution. Thus education leads to empowerment, which is critical for a country like India, as, despite the constitutional mandate, India has not been able to eradicate illiteracy after 65 years of independence.

Education in the Vedic period

  • Under the Vedic Education system, the essential stages in developing an individual’s personality were physical, moral, intellectual, religious, and spiritual.
  • However, following the Varna System, only the highest three Castes, namely Brahmans, Kshatriyas, and Vaishyas, were permitted to realise knowledge. The Sudras, among the oppressed classes, were denied the privilege of studying the Holy Scriptures and thus had no right to learn.
  • As a result, education during the Vedic period was notorious for its lack of social inclusivity.
  • Education primarily got regarded as a privilege reserved for those at the upper end of the caste and class spectrum until the nineteenth century.

Education in the Medieval period

  • During the Middle Ages, The Muslim kings of the Indian Subcontinent never considered education- a fundamental function of the state.
  • The main goal of the Muslim rulers’ educational system was to make knowledge, the spread of Islamic culture and religion, character development, loyalty to the king, learning of arts, skill development, and so on available only to a select few.
  • The position of the oppressed classes did not improve during the medieval period to raise their educational standard. In short, education was a privilege available only to a select few in ancient and medieval India.

Education under the British Rule

The Right to Education Act of 2009 has its origins in colonial India, when education policies gradually evolved. They arose primarily for the benefit of the colonial administration, which required inexpensive local clerks rather than any benevolent desire to develop Indian society.

Macaulay was an ardent Anglicist who despised Indian learning in any form.

  • He believed in educating a select group of upper and middle-class students.

Sir Charles Wood, a company’s President of the Board of Control in 1854, sent a despatch to Lord Dalhousie.

His Recommendations:

  • Regularise the educational system from primary to university levels.
  • Indians were to get educated in both English and their mother tongue.
  • Every province was supposed to have its educational system.
  • There should be at least one government school in every district.
  • Granting aids to affiliated private schools
  • Prioritisation of women education
  • By 1857, universities in Madras, Calcutta, and Bombay got established.
  • The University of Punjab got founded in 1882, and the University of Allahabad got established in 1887.

This dispatch requested that the government take on the responsibility of public education.

KEY FEATURES OF THE RTE ACT

  • It’s a student right in India
  • All children in India between the ages of 6 and 14 are entitled to free and compulsory education.
  • Admission requires the following proof of age:

    The child’s age for admission to elementary school shall be determined by the birth certificate issued following the Provisions of Birth, Deaths, and Marriages Registration Act 1856 or by such other documents may be prescribed.

    No child shall get refused admission to a school due to a lack of proof of age.

  • Distribution of certificate to a child who has completed elementary school
  • Take needful action for the establishment of a fixed student-teacher ratio
  • There will be a 25% reservation for admission to Class I for economically disadvantaged communities in all private schools.
  • School teachers will need an adequate professional degree within the next five years or risk losing their jobs.
  • School infrastructure (where there is a problem) must be improved every three years, or recognition will get revoked.
  • The state and federal governments will share the financial burden.

RTE EDUCATION PORTAL

Significant Features of the RTE Portal:

  • A child shall get awarded a certificate if he or she completes his elementary education.
  • For a fixed student-teacher ratio, a call is to be taken.
  • For taking admission in private schools, there should be a 25 per cent ratio reservation for the economically disadvantaged communities.
  • To improve the quality of education.
  • The school teachers must have adequate professional degrees.
  • Every three years, the school infrastructure will need to be improved.
  • The state and the central government will share a financial burden.

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