From causes to cure - Breast Cancer

Author : Magicine Pharma | Published On : 01 Dec 2023

From causes to cure - Breast Cancer

One of the major reasons for death in women is Breast Cancer. Oftentimes due to mutations or the influence of estrogen the cancerous cells undergo uncontrollable growth. These cancerous cells can also metastasize from the breasts to other organs making the disease worse.

Symptoms of breast cancer

  1. New lump in the breast and armpit
  2. Pain in the chest area
  3. Changes in the breast size
  4. Irritation of the breast skin
  5. Swelling of any part of the breasts
  6. Blood discharge from the nipple
  7. Redness around the breasts

Causes of breast cancer

  1. Increasing age
  2. Mutations (BRCA1, BRCA2 and CHEK2)
  3. Family history
  4. Overexposure to female hormones
  5. Obesity
  6. Alcohol addiction

Diagnosis of breast cancer

  1. Physical examination - examining both breasts and lymph nodes above the arms to notice any visible difference.
  2. Mammogram – using X-ray in low dosage to detect changes.
  3. Ultrasound – use of sound waves
  4. Biopsy – taking some tissues using a needle to examine.
  5. CT scan and MRI scan – scans are done to check whether cancer has spread to the other organs or not.

Treatment of breast cancer -

  • Surgery – A common treatment for breast cancer as the breast and lymph are removed from under the arm.
  • Chemotherapy – use of medications that cause the cancerous cells to die or shrink. Such as – Epithra injection is also known by the generic name Epirubicin hydrochloride. It is a topoisomerase II inhibitor and also it shows antimitotic properties. Some of the side effects of this Epithra are –
    • Nausea
    • Dry mouth
    • Pale skin
    • Chest pain
    • Hair loss
    • Blood in urine
    • Diarrhea
    • Breathing problem
    • Rashes

 Epithra 10mg injection price is high therefore it is advisable to purchase it from Magicine Pharma since they provide these medications at an affordable rate.

  • Radiation therapy – is usually done after the surgery to make sure no cancerous cell is alive.
  • Hormone therapy – using medicines that influence the hormonal levels in the body which as a result stops the proliferation of cancerous cells.
  • Targeted therapy – using medicines that work only on specific proteins and pathways. Such as - Tucatinib 150 mg tablet. Also known by the name Tuksya. It functions by inhibiting the cancerous cells which express HER-2 mutations. Some of the side effects of Tuksya are –
  • Weight loss
  • Muscle pain
  • Stomach pain
  • Seizures
  • Blisters
  • Ulcers
  • Chills
  • Headache
  • Cough


FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions)


Q - How can I take Tuksya tablets?

Ans – Tucatinib 150mg (Tuksya) can be taken twice orally.


Q – From where can I purchase Tucatinib tablets?

Ans – Tucatinib can be purchased from Magicine at a lower rate.


Q - Where to store Epithra injection?

Ans - It is advisable to store Epithra injection between 2°- 8° C


Q - Is it safe to inject Epithra during pregnancy?

Ans – Epithra 10mg can cause harm to the fetus hence, it is advisable to avoid the pregnancy.