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Bariatric surgery in India is a newly emerging concept in fighting obesity


Bariatric Surgery in India is emerging a very successful medical revolution in the field of weight loss. Obesity is a very big problem for the world and 1.7 million people are being affected by it every year.

 

Those who do suffer from obesity become susceptible to various other medical ailments like heart problems, diabetes, high blood pressure, fatty liver, sexual reproductive dysfunctions etc.

 

Hence Bariatric Surgery in India is being conducted at various hospitals and clinics and particularly in Mumbai. Here in Mumbai these bariatric surgeries are done by skilled and extremely qualified doctors at a very consumer friendly cost.

 

Indications for Bariatric Surgery:          

Those people who have a BMI (Basal Metabolic Index) of 40 kg/m2 or more than it require bariatric surgery. Bariatric surgery remains the only option when other weight loss measures fail in giving results. Mostly indicated when people with such high BMI (Basal Metabolic Index) of 40 kg/m2 are not able to not control their body weight through other measures.

 

Bariatric Surgery in India and Its Procedures:

Bariatric surgery in India involves a process of the surgery where stomach is surgically reconstructed in such a way that person undergoing this surgery does feel very little hunger and very few calories get absorbed in the body. This will result in rapid weight loss as feeling of hunger satiation will cause less intake of diet. And less intake of diet and less absorption of calories will cause more utilization of fat of the body and would eventually result in weight loss.

 

Various procedures of Bariatric surgery are:

1.) Laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding

2.) Billio-Pancreatic diversion with duodenal switch            

3.) Roux-En-y-gastric by-pass        

4.) Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy     

 Pre-requisites for Bariatric Surgery:

 (I)The status of a woman’s pregnancy to be told before surgery.

(II)Information to be given to the consulting physician about the medication taken earlier.

(III)If the patient is taking anti-coagulant medicines for any bleeding disorder, he needs to stop it prior the operation.

 (IV) The patient has to fast eight hours prior to the surgery.

 

After effects:

1.) Infection at the site of the surgery.

2.) Obstruction or nausea can occur if food is not chewed properly.

3.) Blood clots.

4.) Vomiting if food is taken more than the capacity of the stomach pouch to hold.

5.) Poor nutrition.

Steps to be taken after the surgery:

a) Fluids to be given through intro-venous tubes initially and later the patient have to be on a liquid diet and non chewable dietary items.

b) Avoiding of heavy physical work.

c) Physical activity to be gradually increased as it takes weeks to regain the old stamina.

d) Pain killers and antibiotics to be given on regular basis to the patient.

e) New diet regime to be followed after the surgery.

f) Nutrition supplements to be taken regularly as there can be loss of nutrients.